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Congestive Heart Failure
Sep 2018
Dr Sonia Lal Gupta And Dr Sameer Gupta
Interventional Cardiologist And Stroke Neurologist

What Is Congestive Heart Failure?
The condition in which the heart’s functioning becomes inadequate to meet the body’s needs is called Congestive Heart Failure. Sometimes, it is also referred to as ‘heart failure,’ but congestive heart failure specifically refers to the stage when the ventricles can’t pump sufficient blood in the body and therefore, the blood and other fluids start collecting in other organs such as the lungs, liver, abdomen and lower body.

This condition can crop up when the heart muscle is very weak and is unable to pump effectively (heart failure with reduced ejection fraction), the heart cannot relax appropriately (heart failure with preserved ejection fraction), or when any other issue stops it from circulating blood properly. In severe stages it may prove fatal if the affected person is not rushed to the hospital immediately.

Causes Of Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure is not only caused by the heart’s inefficiency but it can be a result of many other diseases too. The condition may also arise from other health conditions which affect the cardiovascular system directly. The most common causes are as follows:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Disordered heart valves
  • Reduced kidney functions
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Stiffening of heart muscle
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Hypertension